Credits

Executive Director

Dr. Liza Bakewell

Director

Dr. Byron Hamann

Authors and Editors

Dr. Liza Bakewell and Dr. Byron Hamann

Contributing Scholars

See below

Copyright Holders

Portions of this work are subject to the copyright of Prolarti L.L.C. and are distributed under license from the copyright holder. Prolarti L.L.C. disclaims all express and implied warranties regarding the work, including any portions that are subject to its copyright.

Portions of this work are subject to the copyright of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA and are distributed under license from the copyright holder. Brown University disclaims all express and implied warranties regarding the work, including any portions that are subject to its copyright.

Special thanks to Akademische Druck-und Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria (www.adeva.com) for permission to reproduce materials from their facsimiles of: Codices Becker I/II, Codex Borgia, Codex Egerton, Codex Dresdensis, Codex Fejérvary-Mayer, Codex Laud, Codex Peresianus (Paris), Codex Tro-Cortesianus (Codex Madrid), Codex Vindobenensis (Vienna), Codex Vaticanus, Codex Zouche-Nuttall, and the Matrícula de Tributos.

Sponsors

The National Science Foundation
The National Endowment for the Humanities
The Ford Foundation
The Davis Education Foundation
The Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Brown University
The Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI)

Phase II (2008-2012): www.mesolore.org

Administrative Assistance

Susan Hirsch, Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Brown University

Production

The Canary Collective (www.thecanarycollective.com/)

Graphic Design

Bethany Flannery (www.bethanyflannery.com/)

Nahua, Ñudzavui Tutorials

Byron Hamann

Matrícula de Tributos, Lienzo de Tlaxcala Glosses

Byron Hamann

Research Assistance

Lisa Bowe, Southern Maine University
Tate Desper, Arizona State University
Max Bowe, New York University
Nathanial Wolfson, Brown University
Zachary Stone, Brown University

Libraries, Archives, Librarians and Archivists

Archivo de la Biblioteca Pública del Estado de Jalisco, Guadalajara (http://fondoshistoricos.udg.mx/manuscritos.php)
Archivo General de la Nación, Mexico City (www.agn.gob.mx/)
Archivo General de Indias, Sevilla (www.mcu.es/archivos/MC/AGI/index.html)
Archivo General del Estado de Oaxaca, Oaxaca City
Archivo Histórico Nacional, Madrid (www.mcu.es/archivos/MC/AHN/index.html)
Adan Benavides, Benson Latin American Collection, U. Texas, Austin
Benson Latin American Collection (www.lib.utexas.edu/benson/)
Biblioteca Beatriz de la Fuente (www.esteticas.unam.mx/)
Biblioteca Benjamin Franklin, Mexico City
Biblioteca Francisco de Burgoa (www.bibliotecaburgoa.org.mx/)
Beth Coogan, Sr. Library Associate Specialist/ILL, Rockefeller Library, Brown University
Dumbarton Oaks, Washington D.C. (www.doaks.org/)
John Carter Brown Library (www.brown.edu/Facilities/John_Carter_Brown_Library/)
Patricia Figueroa, John Hay Library, Brown University
Michael Hironymous, Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas, Austin
Mapoteca Manuel Orozco y Berra, Mexico City (www.siap.gob.mx/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=66&Itemid=389)
Juan Antonio Murro, Assistant Curator, Dumbarton Oaks
Peggy Mutter, Sr. Library Specialist, Circulation, Rockefeller Library, Brown University
Newberry Library, Chicago (www.newberry.org)
Rockefeller Library, Brown University
Carlos Vidali Rebolledo, Mapoteca Manuel Orozco y Berra, Mexico City
Jill Wood, Sr. Library Associate Specialist/ILL, Rockefeller Library, Brown University

Translations

Luis Iturbe Escalona
Liza Bakewell
Claudia Juliana Parra Boutot
Byron Hamann

Student Testers

Lillian Brown, Branford High School
Abby Raynor, Branford High School
Alex Borkowski, Branford High School
Bryan Liu, Branford High School
Nate Barton, Branford High School

Friends and Advisors

Dr. Linda Arnold, Virginia Tech
Dr. William H. Beezley, University of Arizona, Tucson
Dr. Jeffrey P. Blomster, George Washington University
Dr. Doug Cope, Brown University
Dr. Thomas Garrison, Brown University
Dr. James Greene, Brown University
Dr. Scott R. Hutson, University of Kentucky, Lexington
Dr. Maarten Jansen, University of Leiden, Holland
Dr. Travis Barton Kranz, Los Angeles, California
Dr. Dana Leibsohn, Smith College
Dr. Geoffrey G. McCafferty, University of Calgary
Dr. Barbara Mundy, Fordham University
Mtra. Aurora Gabina Pérez Jiménez
Dr. Gaspar Rivera-Salgado, Univeristy of Southern California
Dr. Joanne Pillsbury, Getty Research Institute
Dr. Sara Ryu, Yale University
Dr. Ann Clair Seiferle-Valencia, Curator of Latin American Art, Tucson Museum of Art
Dr. Yanna Yannakakis, Emory University

Phase I (1996-2004): Mesolore: Exploring Mesoamerican Culture (CD-ROM)

Copyright

Portions of this work are subject to the copyright of Prolarti L.L.C. and are distributed under license from the copyright holder. Prolarti L.L.C. disclaims all express and implied warranties regarding the work, including any portions that are subject to its copyright.

Portions of material is held in copyright by individual museums, archives, publishers, photographers.

Special thanks to Akademische Druck-und Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria
(www.adeva.com) for permission to reproduce materials from their facsimiles of: Codices Becker I/II, Codex Borgia, Codex Egerton, Codex Dresdensis, Codex Fejérvary-Mayer, Codex Laud, Codex Peresianus (Paris), Codex Tro-Cortesianus (Codex Madrid), Codex Vindobenensis (Vienna), Codex Vaticanus, and Codex Zouche-Nuttall

Mesolore Advisors

Dr. Davíd Carrasco, Princeton University
Dr. Maarten Jansen, University of Leiden, Holland
Dr. Joyce Marcus, University of Michigan
Mtra. Aurora Gabina Pérez Jiménez
Dr. Gaspar Rivera-Salgado, Univeristy of Southern California
Dr. Barbara Tedlock, SUNY Buffalo

Assistant Director Phase I

M. Addison Smith, Brown University

Graphic Design and Production CD-ROM

Stone Circle Productions (www.stonecircleinc.com)
Than Saffel, Interface Design
Susan Shumaker, Information Design and Management
Kali Wilson, Graphic and Production Support
r.b.gann, website, 2006-2008

Programming

Steve Blake and Wayne Brown
Steve Blake Design

Audio, Animation and Video

Eric Bickernics and John MacLeod
BIKSCO Media Services (www.biksco.com)

Soundtrack (option m)

Eric Bickernics
BIKSCO Media Services

Graphic Design, Mentor Slides

Jenny Siegel, Siegel Designs
Michelle Quigley, Skin-A-Cat Design

Graphic Design, CD Cover and Booklet

Jenny Siegel, Siegel Designs

Library and Alvarado Vocabulario Programming

Alan Albright (www.win.net/~pelerin)
Adam Fisk, Brown University

Library Advising

Geoffrey McCafferty
Anne Dowd

Author, Debate Summaries

Kenneth Case Newman

Mesolore Essay Award (Introductory Library)

Ernesto Reyes, University of Southern California, L.A.

Voiceovers

Liza Bakewell (Codex Courtyard Introduction, and Gabina Aurora Pérez Jiménez)
Miguel Calderón Chelius (Davíd Carrasco, Anthony Aveni)
Addison Smith (Maarten Jansen)

Hand (Home Screen)

Carolina Amador, MD
Morgantown, WV

Translation

Kenneth Case Newman, Jamestown, RI
Carrie Chorba, Claremont McKenna College
Miguel Calderón Chelius, Brown University
Silvia Giorguli, Brown University
Bertha Harvey, Princeton University

Line-Editing

Alan Albright
Megan Thorn, Cumberland, ME
José Antonio Lucero, Princeton University

Sound Editing

Aaron Bielenberg, Columbia University
Eric Bikernics, BIKSCO Media Services
Jonah Cohen, Brown University
Jen Kimpton, Johns Hopkins University

Codex Nuttall Interpretation Inspiration

Ferdinand Anders, Maarten Jansen and Gabina Aurora Pérez Jiménez, Crónica Mixteca : el rey 8 Venado, Garra de Jaguar, y la dinastía de Teozacualco-Zaachila: libro explicativo del llamado Códice Zouche-Nuttall (México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1992)
Other sources found in the endnotes of the Tutorials

Photography Consultant

Jennifer Folster, New Paltz, NY

Photographers

Ramon Arzápalo Marín, UNAM
Liza Bakewell, Brown University
Christopher S. Beekman, Etzatlan, Jalisco
Stanley Brandes, University of California, Berkeley
Paul Chilcote
Catherine Colby University of Tennessee, Chattanooga
Garrett Cook, Baylor University
Jeff Fischer, University of Michigan, Dearborn
Jennifer Folster, New Paltz, NY
Matthew Gutmann, Brown University
Byron Hamann, University of Chicago
Annabeth Headrick, Vanderbilt University
Scott R. Hutson, University of California, Berkeley
Justin Kerr, Kerr Associates
Rex Koontz, University of Texas, El Paso
Martha Labell, Jamaica Plain, MA
Miguel León-Portilla, UNAM
Jill Leslie McKeever Furst, More Institute of Art
John Monaghan, University of Oklahoma, Norman
Linda Rosa Manzanilla Naím, UNAM
Peter Menzel, Peter Menzel Photography
Ellen Messer, Brown University
Geoffrey McCafferty, University of Calgary
Jack McDowell, Sunset Editions
Eliot Porter, Amon Carter Museum
Robicsek, Francis, The Carolinas Heart Institute, U. of North Carolina
Patricia Rubertone, Brown University
M. Addison Smith, Brown University
Barbara Tedlock, SUNY Buffalo
E.H. Thompson, Peabody Museum Photographic Archives
Unknown

Mixtec Tutorials Pronunciations

Raquel Alavez, Santa María Peñoles, Oaxaca/US
Raul Alavez, Santa María Peñoles, Oaxaca/US
Aristeo Garcia, Santa Catarina Estella, Oaxaca/US

Oaxacalifornia Writing Contest Consultant

Bonnie Bade, California State University , San Marcos

Programming Laboratory, Beta Version 1.0

Cynthia Romano, Zentropy Partners

Copyright Counsel

Lahive & Cockfield, LLP, Boston, MA (www.lahive.com)
Tom V. Smurzynski
Peter C. Lauro

Security Consultant

Anne Oribello, Brown University

Friends and Advisors

Jawdat Abul-el-Haj, University of Fortaleza, Brazil
Peter Allen, Rhode Island College
Pablo Arredondo Ramirez, Guadalajara, Mexico
Polly Oakleaf Bakewell, Hancock, N.H.
Thomas Woodhouse Bakewell, Hancock, N.H.
Laura Barcia, Mexico City
Joshua Bell, Brown University
Monica Bellas, University of California, Riverside
Sarah Boyce Borzilleri, Harvard Kennedy School of Government
Stanley Brandes, University of California, Berkeley
Marinetta Braunstein, The Braunstein Foundation
Gretchen Breese, New England Conservancy
James Buckhouse, San Francisco, CA
Jane Bussey, Miami Herald
Bruce E. Byland, City University of New York
Colin Campbell, President, Rockefeller Brothers Foundation
Armando Chardiet, Vice-President, American Red Cross
Jarat Chopra, Brown University
Laura Couturier, Brown University
Bryan J. Dennis, Mixtec Gateway 1994
Luly Feliciano, Fulbright Scholar, Mexico City
Norman Fiering, John Carter Brown Library, Brown University
S. Tecumseh W. Fitch III, Harvard University
Monica Gali, Washington, D.C.
Richard Bergen Gann, Rhode Island School of Design
Elaine Grossman, Newton, MA
Chris Gutiérrez, Los Angeles, CA
Jay R. Hamann, Green Bay, WI
Nancy D. Hamann, Green Bay, WI
Randy Haykin, iminds.com
Doris Heyden, Mexico City
Scott R. Hutson, University of California, Berkeley
Alan Karras, University of California, Berkeley
Jen Kimpton, Johns Hopkins University
Mark King, Atlanta, GA
Dana Leibsohn, Smith College
Michael Lind, Santa Ana, CA
Barbara Lust, Cornell University
Monica Macaulay, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Geoffrey McCafferty, University of Calgary
Sharisse McCafferty, Calgary, Alberta
Brendan McConville, SUNY Binghampton
Frank Newman, Brown University and Columbia University
Lucile Newman, Brown University
David Niguidula, Annenberg Institute, Brown University
Edward James Olmos, Los Angeles, CA
Adrienne Pine, University of California, Berkeley
John Pohl, University of California, Los Angeles
Julio de Quesada, Citibank, Mexico City
Marcia Quiñones, Dallas Independent School District
Helena Ragoné, University of Massachusetts, Boston
Richard Rockefeller, Health Commons Institute
Jane Gregory Rubin, InterAmericas®, NYC
Donna Searles, Brown University
Laura Sewall, Prescott College
Andy Shainlin, California Institute of Technology, formerly Brown University
Theodore Sizer, Brown University
Priscilla Small, Summer Institute of Linguistics
Clint Smith, Stanford University
Marilyn Smith, Palo Alto, CA
Lisa Sousa, Occidental College
Ronald Spores, Vanderbilt University
Howard Stevenson, Harvard Business School
Laura Stiver, Vanderbilt University
Sirpa Tenhunen, University of Helsinki
Kevin Terraciano, University of California, Los Angeles
Nancy P. Troike, Austin, TX
Thomas N. Tureen, Portland, ME
Heli Uusikyla, United Nations
Laura Williams, Signal Mountain, TN
Sherman Wilcox, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
Todd Winkler, Brown University
Andrew Workinger, Vanderbilt University

Participants: Mentors

Ramón Arzápalo Marín, Universidad Autónoma de México
Alejandro de Ávila, Society for the Study of Biological Resources of Oaxaca
Jill Leslie McKeever Furst, Moore College of Art and Design
Miguel León-Portilla, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Linda Rosa Manzanilla Naím, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Geoffrey McCafferty, Ph.D., University of Calgary
Ellen Messer, Brown University
John Monaghan, University of Oklahoma
Julieta Ramos-Elorduy, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Barbara Tedlock, State University of New York

Participants: Lectures

Anthony Aveni, Colgate College
Davíd Carrasco, Princeton University
Maarten Jansen, Leiden University
Gabina Aurora Pérez Jiménez, Leiden, Holland

Participants: History versus Propaganda Debate

Elizabeth H. Boone, Tulane University
Joyce Marcus, University of Michigan
John Pohl, University of California, Los Angeles
William T. Sanders (1926-2008), Pennsylvania State University
Linda Schele (1943-1998), University of Texas, Austin
Jane Bussey, Miami Herald
Elena Poniatowska, Mexico City
Thomas E. Skidmore, Brown University
Rodolfo Stavenhagen, Colegio de México
Raquel Tibol, Mexico City, Mexico

Participants: Indigenous Rights Debate

R. Douglas Cope, Brown University
Jonathan Fox, University of California, Santa Cruz
María Magdalena Gómez Rivera, Dirección General de Equidad y Desarrollo Social del Gobierno, México DF
Gaspar Rivera-Salgado, University of Southern California
Rodolfo Stavenhagen, Colegio de México
Lynn Stephen, University of Oregon
Francisco Valdés Ugalde, UNAM and FLACSO
J. Edward Chamberlin, University of Toronto
Albert W. Diamond, President, Air Creebec, Inc.
Sam Deloria, Director, American Indian Law Center, Inc.
Suzan Shown Harjo, President, Morning Star Institute
Arlinda Locklear, Esq., Jefferson, Maryland
Thomas N. Tureen, Portland, Maine

Participants: Gender Debate

Elizabeth M. Brumfiel (1945-2012), Albion College
Meg Conkey, University of California, Berkeley
Matthew Gutmann, Brown University
Rosemary A. Joyce, University of California, Berkeley
Susan Kellogg, University of Houston
Alfredo López Austin, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Participants: Cultural Property Debate

Michael F. Brown, Williams College
Christian F. Feest, University of Frankfurt, Germany
Eduardo Matos Moctezuma, Museo del Templo Mayor
Dan Monroe, Peabody Museum-Essex
Marilyn Schmitt, Consultant, Los Angeles, California
Raquel Tibol, Mexico City, Mexico

National Science Foundation (www.nsf.gov)

Herb Levitan, Division of Undergraduate Education
Myles Boylan, Division of Undergraduate Education
Myra O. Smith, Colgate College (formerly DUE)

Ford Foundation (www.fordfound.org)

Norman Collins, Mexico City
Pablo J. Farías Campero, Mexico City
Linda Fingerson, Media, Arts and Culture
Damien Pwomo, Education, Media, Arts and Culture
John Phillip Santos, Education, Media, Arts and Culture
María Elena Trueba, Mexico City

Brown University Research Foundation

William Jackson, President

Dean’s Office, Brown University

Dean Thomas Wunderlich, Graduate School
Dean Karen Romer and the UTRA program
Dean Lydia English

Office of Research Administration, Brown University

Sara Clabby
Norman Hebert
Mike Kostyshak
Rebecca Lynn
Alice A. Tangredi-Hannon, Director
Dorinda Williams

Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies, Brown University (www.watsoninstitute.org)

Thomas Biersteker, Director
Leslie Baxter
Jarat Chopra
Jennifer Cole-Steele
Susan Costa
James Der Derian
Sheila Fournier
Agnes Gasu
Abott Gleason, Director, University Relations
Amy Langlais
Jean Lawlor
Patricia Monahan
Nancy Soukup

Center for Latin American Studies, Brown University (www.watsoninstitute.org/clacs/)

Thomas Skidmore, Director
María Elena García
Jeffrey Lesser
Ron Rathier
Kenneth Shadlen
Heinz Sonntag

Center for Latin American Studies Consortium

Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, University of Connecticut, Storrs
Latin American Studies Program, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Council of Latin American Studies, Yale University
Center for Latin American Studies, Brown University
Jo Barstow, University of Connecticut
Kristin L. Jannke DeMuzzio, University of Connecticut
Anne Strah, Yale University
Elizabeth Mahon, University of Connecticut

Department of Anthropology, Brown University

Matilde Andrade
William O. Beeman (Co-PI, 1995-97)
Lina Fruzzetti, Chairperson
Blenda Femenías
Katherine Grimaldi
Matthew Gutmann
Richard Gould, Chairperson
Shirley Gordon
Dwight Heath
Philip Leis, Chairperson
Patricia Rubertone
Patricia Symonds
William Simmons

Libraries, Brown University

Rockefeller Library
John Carter Brown Library
John Hay Library

Classroom Beta-Testers, Syllabi Developers

Avi Chomsky, Salem State College
R. Douglas Cope, Brown University
Alice Cornejo, Ribidoux High School, CA
Jerry Dávila, Gustavus Adolphus College
Ellen Finan, Ribidoux High School, CA
Richard R. Hathaway, Veterans Memorial High School, RI
Mathhew P. Hodge, Warwick, RI
Jeffrey Lesser, Emory University (formerly Connecticut College)
Tedman Martínez, New London High School, CT
Martha D. Rekrut, Veterans Memorial High School, RI
Gail Staggers, Community Charter School, CT
Elise Weisenbach, Branford High School, CT
Donna M. Wunk, Veterans Memorial High School, RI

Images found in Lectures

Introduction to Mesomamerica
Stone carving of Xolotl, # 11-3744. Photo courtesy MNA.
Codex Fejervary-Mayer, page 1.
Representation of Aztec cosmovision. Illustration by A. Smith
Aztec Calendar Stone. Photo by Liza Bakewell. Courtesy of MNA
Nanahuatzin. Codex Borgia.
Migration, Codex Boturini.
Mexican Flag. Image courtesy Center for Latin American Studies, Brown University.
Codex Durán
Migration form the place of Seven Caves. Codex Boturini.
Codex Mendoza. Image courtesy PMHU.

Introduction to Mesoamerican Mathematics
Glyphs on stone with lizard. Oaxaca site. © Anthony Aveni
Glyphs on stone. Temple of the Plumed Serpent. Xochicalco. © A. Aveni
Stelae. Quirigua, Guatemala. © A. Aveni
Tikal Stelae at Tikal site ground. © Liza Bakewell
Photo of the Leyden Plaque. Courtesy A. Aveni
Drawing of Leyden Plaque. Coe after S. G. & F. R. Marely
Photo of Madrid Codex facsimile. Photo © A. Aveni
Photo of Dresden Codex facsimile with Thomson’s commentary. Photo © A. Aveni
Aveni_07 The planet Venus rising. © A. Aveni
Photo of Dresden codex facsimile with Thompson’s commentary. © Anthony Aveni

Introduction to the Mixteca
Codex Vindobonensis, page 47. Photo courtesy Maarten Jansen
Landscape with erosion from tree clearing, Magdalena Peñasco, Mixteca. © Aurora Pérez
Aurora Pérez’s mother making offering to the spirit of the Earth (la cosecha). © A.Pérez
“Camino Tamazola ’76.” © A. Pérez
Mixteca. © Maarten Jansen
Aurora Pérez at Yosonatu, Mixteca. © M. Jansen
Aurora Pérez with maguey plant at Yosonatu, Mixteca. © M.Jansen
María Jimenez (la curandera) performing ceremonial cleansing ritual for the milpa, 1981. Chalcatongo, Mexico. © A. Pérez
Pozok, mole offering, food offering. Thanks to the sprits of the earth at harvest. Chalcatongo, Mexico. © A. Pérez
María Jimenez performing cleansing ritual at hillside temple of Yuku Chayu, near Chalcatongo. © A. Pérez
Codex Vindobonensis, page 52. Photo courtesy M. Jansen.
Lord 8 Deer Jaguar Claw. Codex Nuttal, page 43.
Lady 6 Monkey ‘Serpent Quechquemitl.’ Codex Selden, page 7.
Codex Nuttal, page 44.
Images from page 15 of the Codex Nuttal.

Images found in Mentors

See “Captions” within Mentors section
Abbreviations: see under “Photographic Permissions and Abbreviations”

Audio Permissions

All Debate, Lecture and Mentor participants
Biksco Media Services

Permissions to Reproduce Library Articles

All copyright holders

Photographic Permissions and Abbreviations

ACM, Amon Carter Museum (www.cartermuseum.org/home_set.html)
Eliot Porter, Baja, California, 1964, dye transfer print, P1990.51.992.1 Eliot Porter, Baja, California, 1966, dye transfer print, P1990.51.1111.1 Eliot Porter, Broad desert view, Baja California, dye transfer print, P1990.51.1143.1
©Amon Carter Museum, Forth Worth Texas, Bequest of Eliot Porter
AJT, Archivo del Juzgado de Teposcolula (Oaxaca)
Akademische Druck-und Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria (www.adeva.com) for permission to reproduce materials from their facsimiles of: Codices Becker I/II, Codex Borgia, Codex Egerton, Codex Dresdensis, Codex Fejérvary-Mayer, Codex Laud, Codex Peresianus (Paris), Codex Tro-Cortesianus (Codex Madrid), Codex Vindobenensis (Vienna), Codex Vaticanus, and Codex Zouche-Nuttall
Balick, Michael, New York Botanical Garden
Bernath, Ursula
Blinn, Jeff, Moran Towing & Transportation Company, Inc.
BLAC, Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas, Austin
BNAH, Biblioteca Nacional de Antropología
BT, Barbara Tedlock, SUNY, Buffalo, NY
Bradley, Lucy K.
CAL, Colchester Archaeological Trust
Cook, Garrett, Ah Itzs, fig. 4.8, Renewing the Maya World, U. Texas Press (2000)
DAM, Denver Art Museum
Dalton, Stephen, London, England
Dover Publications (www.doverpublications.com)
EM, Ellen Messer
Foto Marburg, Bildarchiv Foto Marburg (www.fotomr.unimarburg.de) Deutsches Dokumentationszentrum für Kunstgeschichte, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany
Gates, William. An Outline Dictionary of Maya Glyphs, with a Concordance and Analysis of Their Relationships. pp. 105 ©1931, The Johns Hopkins University Press. Reproduced with the permission of The Johns Hopkins University Press.
GCI, Getty Conservation Institute (www.getty.edu/gci), Los Angeles, California, USA, ©1994, 1995 the J.Paul Getty Trust (TEX.Oax.94.10.48.t, TEX.Oax.94.10.16.t, TEX. Oax.95.1.202.s, TEX.Oax.95.1.45.s)
Hansen, Richard D., Rainpeg Project
Haro, Paula, Mexico City
INAH, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia
JCB, John Carter Brown Library (www.brown.edu/Facilities/John_Carter_Brown_Library)
JHL, John Hay Library, Brown University (Collections: Star, Church, Rare)
JHUP, Johns Hopkins University Press
JLF, Jill Leslie McKeever Furst
JM, John Monaghan
JRE, Julieta Ramos-Elorduy
Justin Kerr Associates, New York, NY
LM, Linda Manzanilla
Lucas, Jaques
Maawad, David, Mexico (www.arts-history.mx/fonca/becas92/artistas/maawad.html)
Matson Museum of Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University
McC, McCafferty, Geoffrey
The Mesoamerican Archive, Princeton University (www.princeton.edu/~marp)
MLP, Miguel León Portilla
MNA, Museo Nacional de Antropología, Mexico City
MTM, Museo del Templo Mayor (archaeology.la.asu.edu/tm)
Museo de America, Madrid
MCO, Museo de las Culturas de Oaxaca
NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NMGM, The Board of Trustees, National Museum Galleries on
Merseyside, Liverpool Museum
NYPL, New York Public Library
PMHU, The President and Fellows of Harvard College (Peabody Museum of Harvard University)
Peter Menzel Photography
RAM, Ramón Arzápalo Marín
Robicsek, Francis, The Carolinas Heart Institute, U. of NC
SA, Scientific American
SAR, School of American Research(www.sarweb.org) for the Florentine Codex: General History of the Things of New Spain by Fray Bernardino de Sahagun. Translated by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Charles E. Dibble. ©1953, 1970, 1978, 1981, by the School of American Research, Santa Fe. (Books 1, 2, 3, 7)
Sunset Publishing Corporation, Menlo Park, California 94025 (image by Jack McDowell from The Sea of Cortez.
Suau, Anthony, Mexico
Tulane University (www2.tulane.edu)
UPenn, University of Pennsylvania (www.upenn.edu)
Upenn Archives, University of Pennsylvania’s Van Pelt Dietrich Library (Special Collections)
UNAM, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
University of California, Berkeley (www.berkeley.edu)
University of Michigan, Dearborn
University of Salamanca, Spain
UUP, University of Utah Press (www.upress.utah.edu) for the Florentine Codex: General History of the Things of New Spain by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún. Translated by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Charles E. Dibble. ©1953, 1970, 1978, 1981. (Books 4, 11)
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services (www.fws.gov)
UTP, University of Texas (www.utexas.edu)
WGBH, PBS, Public Broadcasting Service (www.wgbh.org/wgbh)
Wiseman, Sandy, Rara Avis and BXI, Inc.
Yale University Libraries (Beineke, Sterling Memorial, MUDD)