Anguiano, Marina and Matilde Chapa. 1976. Estratificación social en Tlaxcala durante el siglo XVI. In Estratificación social en la Mesoamerica prehispánica, ed. Pedro Carrasco and Johanna Broda, 139-141. México, D. F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.

Asselbergs, Florine. 2008, The Conquest in Images: Stories of Tlaxcalteca and Quauhquecholteca Conquistadors. In Indian Conquistadors: Indigenous Allies in the Conquest of Mesoamerica, ed. Laura E. Matthew and Michel R. Oudijk, 65-101. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Baber, Jovita. 2005. The Construction of Empire: Politics, Law, and Community in Tlaxcala, New Spain, 1521-1640. PhD Dissertation, Department of History, University of Chicago.

Bamberger, Joan. 1974. The Myth of Matriarchy: Why Men Rule in Primitive Society. In Women, Culture, and Society, ed. Michelle Rosaldo and Louise Lamphere, 263-280. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Brotherson, Gordon. 1992. _The Book of the Forth World: Reading the Native Americas through
Their Literature_. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Brotherston, Gordon and Ana Gallegos. 1990. El Lienzo de Tlaxcala y el Manuscrito de Glasgow (Hunter 242). Estudios de Cultura Nahuatl 20: 117-140.

Carrasco, Davíd. 1987. Myth, Cosmic Terror, and the Templo Mayor. In The Great Temple of Tenochtitlan: Center and Periphery in the Aztec World, ed. Elizabeth Hill Boone,124-162. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Chavero, Alfredo. 1892. Explicación del Lienzo de Tlaxcala. In Homenaje á Cristóbal Colón: Antigüedades mexicanas. México: Oficina Tipográfica de la Secretaría de Fomento.

Christian, William. 1981. Local Religion in Sixteenth-Century Spain. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Cosentino, Delia Annunziata. 2002. Landscapes of Lineage: Nahua Pictorial Genealogies of Early Colonial Tlaxcala, Mexico. PhD Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California Los Angeles.

García-Zambrano, Angel J. 1994. Early Colonial Evidence of Pre-Columbian Rituals of Foundation. In Seventh Palenque Round Table, 1989, ed. Merle Greene Robertson and Virgina Fields, 217-227. San Francisco, CA: Pre-Columbian Art Research Institute.

Gibson, Charles. 1952. Tlaxcala in the Sixteenth Century. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Glass, John B. 1964. Catálogo de la Colección de Códices, Mexico. México, D. F.: Museo Nacional de Antropología and Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.

Hamann, Byron Ellsworth. 2002. The Social Life of Pre-Sunrise Things: Indigenous Mesoamerican Archaeology. Current Anthropology 43:351–82.

Hamann, Byron Ellsworth. 2004. ‘In the eyes of the Mixtecs/to view several pages simultaneously’: Seeing and the Mixtec Screenfolds. Visible Language 38(1): 68-123.

Hamann, Byron Ellsworth. 2008a. Heirlooms and Ruins: High Culture, Mesoamerican Civilization,
and the Postclassic Oaxacan Tradition. In _After Monte Alban: Transformation and Negotiation in
Oaxaca, Mexico_, ed. Jeffrey P. Blomster, 119-167. Boulder: University Press of Colorado.

Hamann, Byron Ellsworth. 2008b. How Maya Hieroglyphs Got Their Name: Egypt, Mexico, and
China in Western Grammatology since the Fifteenth Century. _Proceedings of the American
Philosophical Society_ 152(1):1-68.

Hamann, Byron Ellsworth. 2008c. Chronological Pollution: Potsherds, Mosques, and Broken Gods
Before and After the Conquest of Mexico. Current Anthropology 49(5):803-836.

Hamann, Byron Ellsworth. 2009. Fragmentation and Redemption: The Lienzo de Tlaxcala. Paper
presented at The Clever Object Research Forum, Session 2, The Courtauld Institute of Art,
London, UK.

Houston, Stephen D., David Stuart, and Karl Taube. 2006. The Memory of Bones: Body, Being, and Experience among the Classic Maya. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Karttunen, Frances F. 1997. Rethinking Malinche. In Indian Women of Early Mexico, ed. Susan Schroeder, Stephanie Wood, and Robert Haskett, 291-312. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Kellogg, Susan. 1995. Law and the Transformation of Aztec Culture, 1500-1700. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Kranz, Travis Barton. 2001. The Tlaxcalan Conquest Pictorials: The Role of Images in Influencing Colonial Policy in Sixteenth-Century Mexico. PhD Dissertation, Department of Art History, University of California Los Angeles.

Kranz, Travis Barton. 2007. Sixteenth-Century Tlaxcalan Pictorial Documents on the Conquest of Mexico. In Sources and Methods for the Study of Postconquest Mesoamerican Ethnohistory, ed. James Lockhart, Lisa Sousa, and Stephanie Wood (e-book). Eugene, Oregon: Wired Humanities Projects, University of Oregon.

Kranz, Travis Barton. 2010. Visual Persuasion: Sixteenth-Century Tlaxcalan Pictorials in Response to the Conquest of Mexico. In The Conquest All Over Again: Nahuas and Zapotecs Thinking, Writing, and Painting Spanish Colonialism, ed. Susan Schroeder, 41-73. Eastbourne: Sussex Academic Press.

Leibsohn, Dana. 2007. Seeing In-Situ: Mapa de Cuauhtinchan No. 2. In Cave, City and Eagles’ Nest: An Interpretive Journey through Mapa de Cuauhtinchan No 2, ed. Davíd Carrasco and Scott Sessions, 389-426. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Lienzo de Tlaxcala. 1939. Cor. Prospero Cahuantzi, ed. México, D. F.: G. M. Echaniz

Lienzo de Tlaxcala. 1983. México, D. F.: Cartón y Papel de México.

Lockhart, James. 1992. The Nahuas After the Conquest: A Social and Cultural History of the Indians of Central Mexico, Sixteenth Through Eighteenth Centuries. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Lockhart, James, Frances Berdan, and Arthur J. O. Anderson. 1986. The Tlaxcalan Actas: A Compendium of the Records of the Cabildo of Tlaxcala (1545-1627). Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.

Magaloni Kerpel, Diana. 2003. Imágenes de la conquista de México en los códices del siglo XVI. Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas 82: 5-45.

Mazihcatzin y Calmecahua, Nicolás Faustino. [1787] 1927. Descripción del Lienzo de Tlaxcala. Revista Mexicana de Estudios Historicos 1(2): 59-85.

Matthew, Laura E. and Michel R. Oudijk. 2008. Indian Conquistadors: Indigenous Allies in the Conquest of Mesoamerica. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

McCafferty, Sharisse D. and Geoffrey G. McCafferty. 1988. Powerful Women and the Myth of Male Dominance in Aztec Society. Archaeological Review 7: 45-59.

Monaghan, John and Byron Hamann. 1998. Reading as Social Practice and Cultural Construction. Indiana Journal of Hispanic Literatures 13: 133–35.

Nader, Helen. 1990. Liberty in Absolutist Spain: The Habsburg Sale of Towns 1516-1700. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Navarrete, Federico. 2007. La Malinche, la Virgen y la montaña: el juego de la identidad en los códices tlaxcaltecas.” História (São Paulo) 26(2): 288-310.

Navarrete, Federico. 2008. “Beheadings and Massacres: Andean and Mesoamerican Representations of the Spanish Conquest. Res: Anthropology and Aesthetics 53/54: 59-78.

Peterson, Jeanette Favrot. 1988. The Florentine Codex Imagery and the Colonial Tlacuilo. In
The Work of Bernardino de Sahagún: Pioneer Ethnographer of Sixteenth-Century Aztec Mexico, ed. J. Jorge Klor de Alva, H.B. Nicholson, and Eloise Quiñones Keber, 273-293. Albany: Institute for Mesoamerican Studies, University at Albany, State University of New York.

Peterson, Jeanette Favrot. 1994. ¿Lengua o Diosa? The Early Imaging of Malinche. In Chipping Away on Earth: Studies in Prehispanic and Colonial Mexico in Honor of Arthur J. O. Anderson and Charles E. Dibble, ed. Eloise Quiñones Keber with the assistance of Susan Schroeder and
Frederic Hicks, 187-202. Lancaster, CA: Labyrinthos.

Pohl, John M. D. 1999. The Lintel Paintings of Mitla and the Function of the Mitla Palaces. In Mesoamerican Architecture as a Cultural Symbol, ed. Jeff K. Kowalski, 176-197. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Restall, Matthew. 2003. Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Reyes García, Luis. 1993. Documentos pictográficas de Tlaxcala. In La escritura pictográfica en Tlaxcala: Dos mil años de experiencia Mesoamericana, ed. Luis Reyes García, 196-236. México: Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala.

Saville, Marshall H. 1922. Turqois Mosaic Art in Ancient Mexico. New York: Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.

Taube, Karl A. 1992. The Iconography of Mirrors at Teotihuacan. In Art, Ideology, and the City of Teotihuacan, ed. Janet Berlo, 69-204. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks.

Taube, Karl A. 2000. The Turquoise Hearth: Fire, Self Sacrifice, and the Central Mexican Cult of War. In Mesoamerica’s Classic Heritage: From Teotihuacan to the Aztecs, ed. Davíd Carrasco, Lindsay Jones, and Scott Sessions. Boulder: University Press of Colorado.

Tedlock, Dennis. 2003. Rabinal Achi: A Maya Drama of War and Sacrifice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press